gola m. (= %{guDa}) `" a ball "' see %{-krIDA} ; globe (as the celestial globe or as the globe of the sun or of
the earth) Su1ryas. Su1ryapr. BhP. &c. ; a hemisphere (of the earth) Su1ryas. ; = %{-yantra} Gol. xi , 2  the
conjunction of all the planets in one sign Laghuj. x , 11; N. of
Durga1 L. ; of a river (= %{go-dA} , or
%{go-dAvarI}) L. (cf. %{gala-golin}.)
golaka m. a ball or globe BhP. v , 16 , 4 VS. xxxi , 22 Sch. &c.; the conjunction of all the planets in one sign
VarBr2. xii , 3 and 19
gaupuccha mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{go-p-}) , resembling a cow's tail g. %{zarkarA7di}.
golAGgUla m. (= %{-puccha}) `" cow-tailed "' , a black kind of monkey MBh. i , 2628 R.
gopuccha n. (g. %{zarkarA7di}) a cow's tail Pa1n2. 4-5
gopucchaka mfn. having a tail like that of a cow Ka1m. vii , 11 Sch.
atharvan %{A} m. (said to be fr. an obsolete word %{athar} , fire) , a priest who has to do with fire and Soma
; N. of the priest who is said to have been the first to institute the worship of fire and offer Soma and prayers
(he is represented as a
Praja1pati , as Brahma1's eldest son , as the first learner and earliest teacher of the
Brahma-vidya1 , as the author of the Atharva-veda ,
as identical with An3giras , as the father of Agni , &c.) ; N.
of S3iva ,
Vasisht2ha [Kir. x , 10] , Soma , Pra1n2a ; (%{A} , %{a}) m. n. the fourth or Atharva-veda (said to
have been composed by Atharvan , and consisting chiefly of formulas and spells intended to counteract diseases
and calamities) ; (%{a4tharvANas}). pl. m. descendants of Atharvan , often coupled with those of An3giras and
Bhr2igu ; the hymns of the Atharva-veda.
rohiNI f. (f. of %{rohita} , `" red "' , below ; also f. of %{rohin} above) a red cow or [later] any cow
(represented as a daughter of Surabhi and mother of cattle , esp. of Ka1ma-dhenu , `" cow of plenty "' ; in the
Veda , Rohin2i1 may perhaps also mean `" a red mare "') RV. &c. &c. ; N. of the ninth Nakshatra or lunar
asterism and of the lunar day belonging to it (in this sense it may optionally have the accent on the last syllable ;
it is personified as a daughter of Daksha , and as the favourite wife of the Moon , called `" the Red one "' from
the colour of the star Aldebaran or principal star in the constellation which contains 5 stars , prob. $ , $ , $ , $ , $
, Tauri , and is figured by a wheeled vehicle or sometimes by a temple or fish ; it is exceptionally pl. , and in TS.
and TBr. there are 2; N. of two wives of Vasudeva and the mother of Bala-ra1ma MBh. Pur. ; of a wife of
Kr2ishn2a Hariv. ; of the wife of Maha1-deva Pur. ; of a daughter of Hiran2ya-kas3ipu MBh. ; of one of the 16
Vidya1-devi1s L. ; of a river VP.

surabhi mf(%{is} , or %{I})n. (prob. fr. 5. %{su} + %{rabh} , = `" affecting pleasantly "') sweet-smelling ,
fragrant RV. &c. &c. ; N. of a fabulous cow (daughter of Daksha and wife of Kas3yapa , mother of cattle and
of the Rudras , sometimes considered as one of the Ma1tr2is or as the cow of plenty ; %{surabheH@sutAH} ,
`" the children of Surabhi "' i.e. `" cattle "') MBh. Ka1v. &c. (IW. 519) ; any cow (accord. to L. `" a brown cow
"') Va1s. ; the earth L. ; (%{i}) n. a fragrant smell or substance , perfume S3Br. Gr2S3rS. ChUp. R. ; sulphur
L. ; gold L.
vasiSTha mfn. (superl. fr. 1. %{va4su} ; cf. %{va4sIyas} and under 3. %{vas}) most excellent , best , richest
RV. AV. Br. ChUp. MBh. ; m. (wrongly written %{vaziSTha}) , `" the most wealthy "'N. of a celebrated Vedic
R2ishi or sage (owner of the `" cow of plenty "' , called Nandini1 , offspring of Surabhi , which by gransing all
desires made him , as his name implies , master of every %{vasu} or desirable object ; he was the typical
representative of Bra1hmanical rank , and the legends of his conflict with Vis3va1-mitra , who raised himself
from the kingly or Kshatriya to the Bra1hmanical class , were probably founded on the actual struggles which
took place between the Bra1hmans and Kshatriyas ; a great many hymns of the RV. are ascribed to these two
great rivals ; those of the seventh Man2d2ala , besides some others , being attributed to Vasisht2ha , while those
of the third Man2d2ala are assigned to Vis3va1-mitra ; in one of Vasishtha's hymns he is represented as king
Su-da1s "' family priest , an office to which Vis3va1-mitra also aspired ; in another hymn Vasisht2ha claims to
have been inspired by Varun2a , and in another [RV. vii , 33 , 11] he is called the son of the Apsaras Urvas3i1
by Mitra and Varun2a , whence his patronymic Maitra1varun2i [930,3] ; in Manu i , 35 , he is enumerated
among the ten Praja1-patis or Patriarchs produced by Manu Sva1yambhuva for the peopling of the universe ; in
the MBh. he is mentioned as the family priest of the solar race or family of Ikshva1ku and Ra1ma-candra ,
and
in the Pura1n2as as one of the arrangers of the Vedas in the Dva1para age
; he is , moreover , called the father
of Aurva [Hariv.] , of the Suka1lins [Mn.] , of seven sons [Hariv. Pur.] , and the husband of Aksha-ma1la1 or
Arundhati1 [MBh.] and of U1rja1 [Pur.] ; other legends make him one of the 7 patriarchal sages regarded as
forming the Great Bear in which he represents the star (see %{RSi}) RV. &c. &c. (cf. IW. 361 ; 402 n. 1 &c.) ;
N. of the author of a law-book and other wks. (prob. intended to be ascribed to the Vedic R2ishi above) ; pl. the
family of Vasisht2ha RV. S3Br. S3rS. (%{vasiSThasyA7GkuzaH} &c.N. of Sa1mans A1rshBr.) ; N. of an
Anuva1ka Pat. on Pa1n2. 4-3 , 131 Va1rtt. 2 ; n. flesh Gal.
gomAtR (%{go4-}) mfn. having a cow for mother (the Maruts ; cf. %{pR4zni-m-} and %{go4-bandhu}) RV. i
, 85 , 3 ; f. `" mother of cows "' , cow of plenty W.
iSTakAmaduh %{dhuk} f. `" granting desires "'N. of the cow of plenty Bhag.
kalpadhenu f. N. of the cow of plenty.
kAmadhenu f. the mythical cow of Vasisht2ha which satisfies all desires , cow of plenty (= %{surabhi})
Katha1s. BrahmaP. ; N. of a goddess BrahmaP. ; N. of several works ; %{-gaNita} n. N. of wk. ; %{-tantra}
n. N. of wk. on the mystical signification of the letters of the alphabet.
kAmaduha mf(%{A})n. id. MBh. ; (%{A}) f. the cow of plenty W.
lRR 2 %{lRRs} m. S3iva L. ; f. the mother of the cow of plenty ; the mother of the Da1navas ; wife of a
Daitya ; mother ; divine female ; female nature.
brAhmI f. (of %{brAhma4} q.v.) the S3akti or personified energy of Brahma1 (regarded as one of the 8
Ma1tr2is or divine mothers of created beings ; in MBh. ix , 2655 they are said to attend Skanda) L. ; speech or
the goddess of speech (= Sarasvati1) MBh. i , 19 ; N. of
Durga1 Devi1P. ; the wife of a Bra1hman W. ; (in
music) N. of a Mu1rchana1 Sam2gi1t. ; a religious practice , pious usage (%{-myA} ind. according to pious
usage) R. ; a woman married according to the Bra1hma rite Gaut. Vishn2. (cf. %{-putra}) , the constellation
Rohin2i L. ;
nandinI f. a daughter MBh. &c. ; a husband's sister (= %{nanAndR}) L. ; N. of Durga1 MatsyaP. ; of
Gan3ga1 L. ; of the river Ba1n2a-na1sa BrahmaP. ; of one of the Ma1tr2is attending on Skanda MBh. ; of a
fabulous cow (mother of S3urabhi and property of the sage Vasisht2ha) MBh. Ragh. ; of the mother of Vya1d2i
L. ; N. of sev. plants (= %{tulasI} , %{jaTAmAMsI} &c.) L. ; a kind of perfume (%{reNukA}) Bhpr. ; a kind
of metre Col. ; (in music) a partic. composition ; N. of a locality MBh. ; of Comm. on Mn.
prajApati (%{-jA-}) m. `" lord of creatures "'N. of Savitr2i , Soma , Agni , Indra &c. RV. AV. ; a divinity
presiding over procreation , protector of life ib. VS. Mn. Sus3r. BhP. [658,3] ; lord of creatures , creator RV.
&c. &c. (N. of a supreme god above or among the Vedic deities [RV. (only x , 21 , 10) AV. VS. Br. ] but in
later times also applied to Vishn2u , S3iva , Time personified , the sun , fire , &c. , and to various progenitors ,
esp. to the 10 lords of created beings first created by Brahma1 , viz. Mari1ci , Atri , An3giras , Pulastya , Pulaka
, Kratu , Vasisht2ha , Pracetas or Daksha , Bhr2igu , Na1rada [Mn.i , 34 ; cf. IW. 206 n. 1] , of whom some
authorities count only the first 7 , others the last 3) ; a father L. ; a king , prince L. ; a son-in-law L. ; N. of the
5th (39th) year in a 60 years "' cycle of Jupiter Var. ; the planet Mars , a partic. star , $ Aurigae Su1ryas. ; (in
astrol.) = 2. %{kAla-nara} q.v. ; a species of insect L. ; N. of sev. men and authors Cat. ; (%{I}) f. a matron ,
lady DivyA7v %{-mukha} (%{jA4-p-}) mfn. having PñPraja1-pati as head or chief S3Br. ; %{-yajJa} m. `"
sacrifice to PñPraja1-pati "' , the procreation of children enjoined by law VP. ; %{-loka4} m.
PñPraja1-pati's world (situated between the sphere of Brahma1 and that of the Gandharvas) S3Br. ;
munivara m. the best of MñMunis or sages MBh. ; N. of Vasisht2ha (as one of the stars of the Great Bear)
VarBr2S.
aurva 1 m. a descendant of U1rvaN. of a R2ishi RV. viii , 102 , 4 TS. vii AitBr. MBh. &c. ; (in later mythology
he is called Aurva Bha1rgava as son of Cyavana and grandson of Bhr2igu ; he is the subject of a legend told in
MBh. i , 6802 ; there it is said that the sons of Kr2itavi1rya , wishing to destroy the descendants of Bhr2igu in
order to recover the wealth left them by their father , slew even the children in the womb ; one of the women of
the family of Bhr2igu , in order to preserve her embryo , secreted it in her thigh [%{Uru}] , whence the child at
its birth was named Aurva ; on beholding whom , the sons of Kr2itavi1rya were struck with blindness , and
from whose wrath proceeded a flame that threatened to destroy the world , had not Aurva at the persuasion of
the Bha1rgavas cast it into the ocean , where it remained concealed , and having the face of a horse ; Aurva was
afterwards preceptor to Sagara and gave him the A1gneya7stram , with which he conquered the barbarians who
invaded his possessions ; cf. %{vaDavA-mukha} , %{vaDavA7gni}) ;
N. of a son of Vasisht2ha Hariv. ;
(%{As}) m. pl.N. of a class of Pitr2is Ta1n2d2yaBr. La1t2y. ; (%{I}) f. a female descendant of U1rva Ka1s3.
on Pa1n2. 4-1 , 73 ; (mfn.) produced by or relating to the R2ishi Aurva MBh. i , 387 , &c. ; m. the submarine
fire (cast into the ocean by Aurva Bha1rgava cf. above).

citrazikhaNDin m. pl. `" bright-crested "' , the 7 R2ishis (Marici , Atri , An3giras , Pulastya , Pulaha , Kratu ,
Vasisht2ha [MBh. xii Ba1lar. x , 98 ; Vis3va1-mitra , i , 27]) Ra1jat.i , 55 ; %{-NDi-ja} m. `" son of An3giras "'
, the planet Jupiter L. ; %{-NDi-prasUta} m. id. L.

arundhatI f. a medicinal climbing plant AV. ; the wife of Vasisht2ha R. &c. ; the wife of Dharma Hariv. ; the
little and scarcely visible star Alcor (belonging to the Great Bear , and personified as the wife of one of its seven
chief stars , Vasishtha , or of all the seven , the so-called seven R2ishss ; at marriage ceremonies Arundhati1 is
invoked as a pattern of conjugal excellence by the bridegroom) A1s3vGr2. &c. ; N. of a kind of super natural
faculty (also called kun2d2alini1).
arundhatIjAni or m. `" husband of Arundhati "' , Vasisht2ha (one of the seven R2ishis or saints , and stars in
the Great Bear) L.
arundhatInAtha m. `" husband of Arundhati "' , Vasisht2ha (one of the seven R2ishis or saints , and stars in
the Great Bear) L.
mUladravya n. original property , capital , stock L.
mUlavaNigdhana n. a merchant's original property or capital L.
mUlavitta n. `" original property "' , capital L.

dravyaparigraha m. the acquirement or possession of property or wealth R.
dravyArjana n. acquirement of property or wealth.
dravyasaMcaya m. accumulation of property or wealth W.
mADavya m. (patr. fr. %{maNDu} g. %{gargA7di}) N. of a teacher (pl. his descendants) S3Br. &c. &c. ; of
an astronomer Var. ; pl. N. of a people Var. ; of a school of the Bahv-r2icas DivyA7v. ; m. or n. (?) N. of a
place Cat.
dravyadevatA f. the deity of a substance Ka1tyS3r. Hcat.
dravya n. a substance , thing , object Up. Mn. MBh. &c. ; the ingredients or materials of anything MBh. R. ;
medicinal substance or drug Sus3r. ; (phil.) elementary substance (9 in the Nya1ya , viz "' %{pRthivI} , %{ap}
, %{tejas} , %{vAyu} , %{AkAza@kAla} , %{diz} , %{Atman} , %{manas} ; 6 with Jainas , viz. %{jIva} ,
%{dharma} , %{adharma} , %{pudgala} , %{kAla} , %{AkAza}) ; (Gr.) single object or person , individual
(cf. %{eka-}) ; fit object or person (cf. %{A-}.) ; object of possession , wealth , goods , money Mn. Ya1jn5.
MBh. &c. ; gold R. vii , 18 , 34 Sch. ; bellmetal , brass L. ; ointment L. "' ; spirituous liquour L. ; a stake , a
wager W.
dravya 2 mfn. (fr. 4. %{dru}) derived from or relating to a tree Pa1n2. 4-3 , 161 ; tree-like or corresponding to
a tree S3a1n3khBr. x , 2 ; n. lac , gum , resin L.
mUladravya n. original property , capital , stock L.
mUlyadravya n. a purchase-sum , Sin6ha7s
vRtrAri m. `" enemy of Vr2itra "'N. of Indra Katha1s.
vyasta mfn. cut in pieces , dismembered (said of Vr2itra) RV. i , 32 , 7 torn asunder , gaping TPra1t. ; severed ,
separated , divided , distinct (%{vy-aste@kAle} , `" at different times "' , `" now and then "') , single , simple
Mn. MBh. &c. ; multiplied , various , manifold Prab. Ka1vya7d. ; (in gram.) a simple or uncompounded word
W. ;
%{-puccha} mfn. having an extended tail S3ulbas. ; %{-rAtriM-diva} mfn. dividing or separating night and
day MW. ; %{-vidhi} m. inverted rule , any rule for inversion Col. ;
%{-vRtti} mfn. (a word) whose proper
force or meaning is changed or altered Ragh. xi , 73. [1035,2]
vAlgavya m. patr. fr. %{valgu} g. %{gargA7di}.

aindrahavya m. a descendant of Indrahu1 g. %{gargA7di} Pa1n2. 4-1 , 105.
vRtra m. (only once in TS.) or n. (mostly in pl.) `" coverer , investor , restrainer "' , an enemy , foe , hostile
host RV. TS. ; m. N. of the Vedic personification of an imaginary malignant influence or demon of darkness and
drought (supposed to take possession of the clouds , causing them to obstruct the clearness of the sky and keep
back the waters ; Indra is represented as battling with this evil influence in the pent up clouds poetically pictured
as mountains or castles which are shattered by his thunderbolt and made to open their receptacles [cf. esp. RV. i
, 31] ;
go %{gau4s} (acc. %{gA4m} instr. %{ga4vA} dat. %{ga4ve} , gen. abl. %{go4s} loc. %{ga4vi} ; du.
%{gA4vA} [Ved.] , %{gA4vau} ; pl. nom. %{gA4vas} acc. %{gA4s} [rarely %{gA4vas} TBr. iii TUp. MBh.
iv , 1506 R. ii] instr. %{go4bhis} dat. abl. %{go4bhyas} , gen. %{ga4vAm} [once at the end of a Pa1da RV. iv
, 1 , 19] and [in RV. at the end of Pa1das only cf. Pa1n2. 7-1 , 57] %{go4nAm} loc. %{go4Su}) m. an ox f. a
cow , (pl.) cattle , kine , herd of cattle RV. &c. (in comp. before vowels [cf. Pa1n2. 6-1 , 122 ff.] %{gav} ,
%{gava} , qq. vv. ; cf. also %{gavAm} , %{gavi} , %{gAM} ss.vv. ; %{gavAM@vrata}N. of a Sa1man ;
%{gavAM@tIrtha} see %{go@t-} ; %{go4Su-gam} , to set out for a battle [to conquer cows] RV. ii , 25 , 4 ; v
, 45 , 9 ; viii , 71 , 5) ; `" anything coming from or belonging to an ox or cow "' , milk (generally pl.) , flesh (only
pl. RV. x , 16 , 7 ; `" fat "' Gmn.) , skin , hide , leather , strap of leather , bow-string , sinew (RV. x , 27 , 22
AV. i , 2 , 3) RV. ; = %{go4-SToma} (q.v.) AitBr. iv , 15 S3Br. xiii ( also %{go-Ayu4s}) ; (pl.) `" the herds of
the sky "' , the stars RV. i , 154 , 6 and vii , 36 , 1 ; (m. [also f. Un2. Sch.])
rays of light (regarded as the herds
of the sky , for which Indra fights with
Vr2itra) MBh. i , iii Hariv. 2943 R. &c. ; m. the sign Taurus VarBr2S. xl
f. VarBr2. Laghuj. ; the sun (cf. %{-putra}) Nir. ii , 6 and 14 ; the moon L. ; a kind of medicinal plant
(%{RSabha}) L. ; a singer , praiser (fr. %{gai}) Naigh. iii , 16 ; `" a goer "' , horse (fr. 1. %{gA}) Sa1y. on RV.
i , 121 , 9 and iv , 22 , 8 ; N. of two R2ishis of the SV. (with the patr. A1n3girasa [Ta1n2d2yaBr. xvi] and
Ma1yu1ka) ; N. of a man (who with Pushkara is said to be the %{balA7dhyakSa} of the sons and grandsons of
Varun2a) MBh. ii , 381 (cf. R. vii , 23 , 28); a region of the sky L. ; (Naigh. i , 1) the earth (as the milk-cow of
kings) Mn. iv , xii MBh. R. &c. ; (hence) the number `"
nine "' Jyot. Su1ryas. ; = %{go-vIthI} Sch. on
VarBr2S. ix , 1 ff. ; a mother L. (cf. VarBr2S. iii , 68) ; (Naigh. i , 11) speech , Sarasvati1 (goddess of speech)
MBh. i , iii , v Ragh. ii , v Ca1n2. ; voice , note (fr. %{gai}) S3is3. iv , 36 ; N. of Gauri1 Gal. ; of the wife [or
of a daughter-in-law BhP. ix , 21 , 25] of S3uka (a daughter of the manes called Suka1las) Hariv. 986 MatsyaP.
; N. of a daughter of Kakut-stha and wife of Yaya1ti Hariv. 1601 ; [cf. $ ; Lat. {bos} ; Old Germ. {chuo} ;
Mod. Germ. {Kuh} ; Eng. {cow} ; Lett. {gohw} ; cf. also $ , $ ; Goth. {gavi} and Mod. Germ. {Gau}.]

Loka
In the Puranas, and already in the Atharvaveda, there are fourteen worlds, seven higher ones (vyahrtis) and
seven lower ones (patalas), viz. bhuu, bhuvas, svar, mahas, janas, tapas, and satya above and atala, vitala,
sutala, rasaataala, talatala, mahaatala, patala and naraka below.
The scholar Deborah Soifer describes the development of the concept of lokas as follows:
The concept of a loka or lokas develops in the Vedic literature. Influenced by the special connotations that a
word for space might have for a nomadic people, loka in the Veda did not simply mean place or world, but had
a positive valuation: it was a place or position of religious or psychological interest with a special value of
function of its own.
Hence, inherent in the 'loka' concept in the earliest literature was a double aspect; that is, coexistent with
spatiality was a religious or soteriological meaning, which could exist independent of a spatial notion, an
'immaterial' significance.
The most common cosmological conception of lokas in the Veda was that of the trailokya or triple world: three
worlds consisting of earth, atmosphere or sky, and heaven, making up the universe."[1]
. Bhu1-lñloka , the earth ; Bhuvar-lñloka "' the space between the earth and sun inhabited by Munis ,
Siddhas &c. ; Svar-lñloka , Indra's heaven above the sun or between it and the polar star ; Mahar-lñloka , a
region above the polar star and inhabited by Bhr2igo and other saints who survive the destruction of the 3 lower
worlds ; Janar-lñloka , inhabited by Brahma1's son Sanat-kuma1ra &c. ; Tapar-lñloka , inhñinhabited by
deified Vaira1gins [vairAgin mfn. id. BrahmaP. ; m. a partic. class of religious devotees or mendicants (generally
Vaishn2avas) who have freed themselves from all worldly desires RTL. 87.] ; Satya-lñloka or Brahma-lñloka
, abode of Brahma1 , translation to which exempts from rebirth [906,2] ; elsewhere these 7 worlds are described
as earth , sky , heaven , middle region , place of re-births , mansion of the blest , and abode of truth ; sometimes
14 worlds are mentioned , viz. the 7 above , and 7 lower regions called in the order of their descent below the
earth- A-tala , Vi-tñtala , Su-tñtala , Rasa1tñtala , Tala1tñtala , Maha1-tñtala , and Pa1ta1la ; cf. RTL.
102 n. 1 IW. 420 , 1 ; 435 , 1) AV. &c. &c. ;

bhuvas ind. (orig. nom. or voc. pl. of 2. %{bhU4}) the air , atmosphere (one of the 3 sacred utterances or
Vya1hr2itis [q.v.] uttered between %{bhUr} , earth , and %{svar} [qq. vv.] , heaven ; it comes 2nd of the
series when 7 or 14 worlds are enumerated RTL. 403 , 102 n. i) VS. Br. &c. (it becomes %{bhuvar} in
%{bhuvar-loka} "' , the world of the air "' VP.) ; one of the mind-born sons of Brahma1 Hariv. 11506 ; N. of
the 2nd and 11th Kalpa (q.v.) Va1yuP.
bhrAtRvyaloka m. the world of a rival S3Br. ; (%{bhrA4--loka4}) TS.
lokasaMvyavahAra m. commerce or intercourse with the wñworld , worldly business Mn. Ma1rkP. ;
%{-nAmakA7Gka} m. N. of wk.

lokavyavahAra m. id. Kull. on Mn. ix , 27 ; usual or commonly current designation Pa1n2. 1-2 , 53 Sch.
dharma 1 m. (rarely n. g. %{ardharcA7di} ; the older form of the RV. is %{dha4rman} q.v.) that which is
established or firm , steadfast decree , statute , ordinance , law ; usage , practice , customary observance or
prescribed conduct , duty ; right , justice (often as a synonym of punishment) ;  ; as Vishn2u Hariv. ; as
Praja1-pati and son-in-law of Daksha Hariv. Mn. &c. ; as one of the attendants of the Sun L. ; as a Bull Mn. viii
,

sura m. (prob. fr. %{asura} as if fr. %{a-sura} and as %{sita} fr. %{a-sita} ; thought by some to be connected
with 2. %{svar}) a god , divinity , deity (%{surANAM@hantR} m. `" slayer of the gods "'N. of a partic. form
of fire , son of Tapas) MaitrUp. MBh. &c. ; the image of a god , an idol Vishn2. ; a symbolical N. for the
number `" thirty-three "' (from the 33 gods ; see %{deva}) Gan2it. ; a sage , learned man L. ; the sun L. ; (said
to be) = %{kSura} MBh. ; w.r. for %{svara} ib. ; (%{A}) f. see s.v. ; (%{I}) f. a goddess Naish. HParis3. ;
(%{am}) n. see %{surA}.
surapravIra m. N. of a fire (son of Tapas) MBh.
suravarcas m. N. of an Agni (son of Tapas) MBh.
sureza m. a lord of the gods BhP. ; N. of a partic. god MBh. ; of a partic. Agni (son of Tapas) ib. ; of Indra
VarBr2S. Katha1s. BhP. ; of Vishn2u-Kr2ishn2a Cat. ; of S3iva S3ivag. ; of a place Pan5car. ; (%{I}) f. N. of
Durga1 Ca1n2. ; %{-loka} m. Indra's world BhP.
navadurgA f. Durga1 in her 9 forms (viz.
Kuma1rika1 , Tri-mu1rti , Ka1ya1n2i1 Rohin2i1 , Ka1li1 ,
Can2d2ika1 , S3a1mbhavi ,
Durga1 , Bhadra1) L.
sura m. (prob. fr. %{asura} as if fr. %{a-sura} and as %{sita} fr. %{a-sita} ; thought by some to be connected
with 2. %{svar}) a god , divinity , deity (%{surANAM@hantR} m. `" slayer of the gods "'N. of a partic. form
of fire , son of Tapas) MaitrUp. MBh. &c. ; the image of a god , an idol Vishn2. ; a symbolical N. for the
number `" thirty-three "' (from the 33 gods ; see %{deva}) Gan2it. ; a sage , learned man L. ; the sun L. ; (said
to be) = %{kSura} MBh. ; w.r. for %{svara} ib. ; (%{A}) f. see s.v. ; (%{I}) f. a goddess Naish. HParis3. ;
(%{am}) n. see %{surA}.
surasa mf(%{A})n. rich in water Bha1m. ; well-flavoured , juicy , sapid , savoury R. VarBr2S. Va1s. ; sweet ,
lovely , charmingN. of
Durga1 L. ;
suraloka m. the gods "' world , heaven (%{-nAtha} m. pl.) R. BhP. &c. ; %{-rAjya} n. dominion over the
wñworld of the gñgods Bhartr2. ; %{-sundarI} f. `" celestial woman "' , an Apsaras Vikr. ; N. of
Durga1
MW.
surASTra (%{su4-}) mf(%{A})n. having good dominion &c. TS. ; m. N. of a country on the western side of
India (commonly called Surat) MBh. Hariv. &c. ; of a minister of Das3a-ratha Ra1matUp. ; (pl.) the country or
the inhabitants of SñSurat MBh. R. &c. ; (%{A}) f. N. of a town (prob. `" the capital of SñSurat "') AV.
Paris3. ; (%{-STra})%{-ja} mf(%{A})n. born or produced in SñSurat Ma1rkP. ; m. a sort of black bean L. ;
a kind of poison L. ; (%{A}) f. a sort of fragrant earth L. ; n. id. L. ; %{-brahma} m. a Bra1hman of SñSurat
Pa1n2. 5-4 , 104 Sch. ; %{-viSaya} m. the country of SñSurat Hariv. ; %{-sauvIraka} m. du. the countries of
SñSurat and Su-vi1ra R. ; %{-TrA7dhipati} m. a king of SñSurat MBh. ; %{-TrA7vanti} m. pl. the
inhabitants or the countries of SñSurat and Avanti ib. ; %{-Tro7dbhavA} f. alum Sus3r.
surasundara m. a beautiful deity Bhag. ; (%{I}) f. a lovely celestial female , Apsaras (%{-jana} m. pl.) ib.
Ka1v. Katha1s. ; N. of
Durga1 L. ; of a fairy ib. ; of a woman Vet. ; a partic. Yogini1 MW. ; %{-senA} f. the
army of the gods (%{-gaNa-pati} m. `" the chief of the celestial host "') R. ; N. of a woman Das3.
As3vini1 , Bharan2i1 , Kr2ittika1 , Rohin2i1 or Bra1hmi1 , Mr2iga-s3iras or A1graha1yan2i1
surAjaka m. a kind of plant (= %{bhRGga-rAja}) m.
The Bee tree \
bhRGgaka (ifc.) = %{bhRGga} , a bee Katha1s. ; ; N. of a man Inscr.
bhRGga m. ( %{bhram}) a species of large black bee , the humble bee Ka1v. Pur. ;
surajas
mfn. having good or much pollen g. %{bhRzA7di} ; %{-jaH-phala} m. the jack-fruit tree L. ;
%{-jAya} Nom. A1. %{-yate} , to produce good or mñmuch pñpasturage g. %{bhRzA7di}.
sura w.r. for %{svara} ib. ;
zukra mf(%{A4})n. (fr. 1. %{zuc} cf. %{zukla}) bright , resplendent RV. AV. VS. Br. MBh. ; clear , pure
RV. AV. VS. S3Br. ; light-coloured , white RV. AV. S3a1n3khBr. ; pure , spotless RV. Br. ; m. N. of Agni or
fire R. ; of a month (Jyesht2ha = May-June , personified as the guardian of Kubera's treasure) MBh. Sus3r. ;
the planet Venus or its regent (regarded as the son of
Bhr2igu and preceptor of the Daityas) MBh. R. &c. ; clear
or pure Soma RV. ; (with or scil , %{graha}) a partic. Graha or receptacle for Soma VS. S3Br. ; a partic. astrol.
Yoga L. ; a N. of the Vya1hr2itis (%{bhUr} , %{bhuvaH} , %{
svar}) MW. ;

kumAra daughter of Vasu-deva by Rohin2i1 Hariv. 1952 ; of Si1ta1 (Ra1ma's wife) L. ;

prAjApatya (with %{zakaTa} , also n.) the chariot of Rohin2i1 N. of an asterism Var. Pan5cat. ; (with or scil.
%{nakSatra} or %{bha}) the asterism Rohin2i1 MBh. Var. ;

dhruva of a son of Vasu-deva and Rohin2i1 BhP. ;
durdama mfn. hard to be subdued MBh. xii , 3310 ; m. N. of a son of Vasu-deva and Rohin2i1 Hariv. ;
durmada m. mad conception or illusion , foolish pride or arrogance Pur. ; (%{-ma4da}) mfn. drunken , fierce ,
mad , infatuated by (comp.) RV. MBh. &c. ; m. N. of a son of Dhr2ita-ra1sht2ra MBh. i ; of a son of Dhr2ita
(father of Pracetas) ; of a son of Bhadra-sena (father of Dhanaka) ; of a son of Vasu-deva and Rohini or
Pauravi1 Pur. ;
prAkRta mf(%{A} , or %{I})n. (fr. %{pra-kRti}) original , natural , artless , normal , ordinary , usual S3Br.
&c. &c. ; low , vulgar , unrefined Mn. MBh. &c. ; provincial , vernacular , Pra1kritic Vcar. ; (in Sa1m2khya)
belonging to or derived from Prakr2iti or the original element ; (in astron.) N. of one of the 7 divisions of the
planetary courses (according to Para1s3ara comprising the Nakshatras Sva1ti , Bharan2i1 , Rohin2i1 and
Kr2ittika1) ;
The second tablet from
bottom, first glyph right side
"dra
vya" n. a substance ,
thing , object Up. Mn. MBh.
&c. from "aindraha
vya" m. a
descendant of Indrahu1 g.
%{gargA7di} Pa1n2. 4-1 ,
105.  both glyphs are ;
"mUladra
vya" n. original
property , capital , stock L.
nandinI
f. a daughter MBh.
&c. ; a husband's sister (=
%{nanAndR}) L. ; N. of
Durga1 MatsyaP. of one of the
Ma1tr2is attending on Skanda
MBh. ; of a fabulous cow
(mother of S3urabhi and
property of the sage Vasisht2ha)
MBh. Ragh. ;
Aksha-mala  written
The pictorail image
is a cows tail as
Gola the name of
Durga.
surabhi
nandinI
rohiNI%{bha}
aurva  
Bhrigu
vasiSTha
atharvan %{A} m. (said to be fr. an
obsolete word %{athar} , fire) , a
priest who has to do with fire and
Soma ; N. of the priest who is said to
have been the first to institute the
worship of fire and offer Soma and
prayers (he is represented as a
Praja1pati , as Brahma1's eldest son ,
as the first learner and earliest teacher
of the Brahma-vidya1 , as the author of
the Atharva-veda , as identical with
An3giras , as the father of Agni , &c.) ;
N. of S3iva , Vasisht2ha [Kir. x , 10] ,
Soma , Pra1n2a ; (%{A} , %{a}) m.
n. the fourth or Atharva-veda (said to
have been composed by Atharvan ,
and consisting chiefly of formulas and
spells intended to counteract diseases
and calamities) ; (%{a4tharvANas}).
pl. m. descendants of Atharvan , often
coupled with those of An3giras and
Bhr2igu ; the hymns of the
Atharva-veda.
prAjApatya (with
%{zakaTa} , also n.)
the chariot of Rohin2i1
N. of an asterism Var.
Pan5cat. ; (with or scil.
%{nakSatra} or
%{bha}) the asterism
Rohin2i1 MBh. Var.
prAjeza mf(%{I})n. (fr.
%{praje7za}) sacred to
Praja1pati ; n. the
Nakshatra Rohin2i1
VarBr2S.
atharvan=soma
Praja-pati-loka world
(situated between the
sphere of Brahma1 and
that of the Gandharvas)
S3Br. ;
Vasistha son Aurva and
Atharvan
The middle tablet top writing left side ;
the arrow as Sapta Ursa magor then
four Rohina as the fourth Solar and
ninth lunar constellation in the Dvipar
Age she is the favorite of Soma.  
above Rohini1 and Brahmi as the
female energy of Brahma.
PrajApati the star
Aurigae Su1ryas.
prAjApatya (with
%{zakaTa} , also n.) the
chariot of Rohin2i1 N. of
an asterism Var. Pan5cat.
; (with or scil.
%{nakSatra} or
%{bha}) the asterism
Rohin2i1 MBh. Var. ;
In the MBh. VasiSTha is mentioned as the family priest of the solar race or
family of Ikshva1ku and Ra1ma-candra . It is also said he is the father of Bhirgo
Aurva and Atharvan. It then appears Vasistha is the teather of the sons of both ,
because in the Pura1nas he is one of the arrangers of the Vedas in the Dvapara
Age and not the former Ages of the seven Rishis.
Atharvan = Rishi Angiras of the seven
Rishi Aurva = Rishi Bhrigu of the seven
Sapta Rishi {Ursa Magor} as Vasistha he represents all the Munis as munivara
m. the best of Munis or sages MBh. and the name of Vasisht2ha (as one of the
stars of the Great Bear) and legends make him one of the 7 patriarchal sages
regarded as forming the Great Bear in which he represents the star (see %{RSi})
RV. and arundhatI is personified as the wife of one of the Great Bear's seven
chief stars , Vasishtha , or of
all the seven , the so-called seven R2ishss.
paJcajana m. (pl.) the 5 classes of beings (viz. gods , men , Gandharvas
and Apsaras , serpents , and Pitr2is) TS. S3Br. &c. man , mankind
Hcar. (%{-ne7ndra} m. prince , king Ra1jat.) ; of a
Praja1pati ib.
%{-nI4na} mfn.
devoted or consecrated to the 5 races TS. TBr. (also
%{-nIya} AitBr. S3a1n3khS3r. ;
Bhrigu