The image below is a view of the stars taken from the top of the earth (the northern poler stars). The Indus seals employed an image of a club and shield for this view of the heavens, calling it war (Kshi). In the Veda they clearly state that the earth is round, this knowledge had to come from critical observations of the heavens, these observations are reflected in their signs for constellations.The bottom half of the image below are the stars of the ecliptic (that is where the sun and moon pass relative to the earth) up to the poler stars. This view is from the 10th hour degree to 14th, the constellations of Leo to Virgo. To the left is the Saptarshi Cycle or calendar, with 27 constellations. I used this and the Nakshatra constellations (both systems use the same constellations) to fix the Indus signs with its stars, for example number 4 below is Rohini the Sanskrit word for the constellation Taurus. Leo below is the Sanskrit word for Phalguni. The Indus sign I found for Phalguni is the Guni sign, the same sign employed in Mesopotamia for Guni. For the Phal part of the word Phalguni the Indus seals used the constellation exactly on the other side of the planet from the 12th hour degree, what we call the constellation Pheniox at 0 degrees. Number 13 is Hasta that means hand thus in the seals this sign is used as a hand on a man. The exact same sign is employed in Mesopotamia for hand but both signs look more like a comb then a hand, what makes sense is both are the constellation that is a close match for a hand. In the dictionary Ursar Major is the constellation of Sapta (Sapta calendar was named after Ursar Magor). Their were 7 prophets before Noah and the flood in the Veda. Saptarsha is the proper name of the calendar where arshi means prophet and Sapta has a dual meaning the number 7 and the 7 prophets. The sign for this constellation was easy to match with it's Indus image. Ursar Major is used today to navagate yourself using the stars. By using the feathers of the arrows of the indus sign it would point you north. Note that Asvin the first constellation of their system is the first constellation today where the ecliptic goes above the celestial equator this is a measured prediction of the precession ending in Polaris. There are three signs for Sapta two are shown below where Sapattra means wounding with an arrow so that the feathers enter the body and the tra on the end suggest three arrows. Phalguni is the second fixed constellation of the Nakshatra system. Note today the ecliptic crosses the celestial equator in the middle of Phalguni. The guni sign is one of the most used signs in sentences, Guni can mean a heavenly body as the moon and guni is the sanskrit modifier of words and sounds that are brought together. In sanskrit grammar their are three types of guni, that is where two sounds are brought together, like ra and ba, in bringing these deffernt sounds together both indivdual sounds are slightly changed in their joining, for example ra-ba might become raeba. The Indus script had hundreds of varying signs but there were about 27 main or most used signs.
This reference was taken from: www.sanskrit.org/www/Astronomy/HinduCalendar.html
1.Asvini-alpha arietis (Hamal) 2.Bharani-41 arietis 3.Krttika-Pleiades 4.Rohini-alpha tauri (Aldebaran) 5.Mrgasirsa-lambda orinis (Bellatrix) 6.Ardra-alpha orionis (Betelgeuse) 7.Punarvasu-beta geminorum (Castor) 8.Pusya-delta canceri (area of M44 Beehive cluster)
9.Aslesa-alpha canceri (sometimes taken as the Hydra or Alphard) 10.Magha-alpha leonis (Regulus) 11.Purvaphalguni-delta leonis (lion's hind) 12.Uttara-phalguni-beta leonis (Denebola) 13.Hasta-gamma or delta corvi (Corvus) 14.Citra-alpha virginis (Spica) 15.Svati-alphabootis (Aarcturus) 16.Visakha-alpha libra 17.Anuradha-delta scorpionis 18.Jyestha-alpha scorpionis (antares) 19.Mula-lambda scorpionis (mear the globular cluster Shaula) 20.Purvasadha-delta sagittarii 21.Uttarasadha-sigma sagittarii (teapot)
22.Sravana-alpha aquilae (Altair) 23.Danistha-alpha delphini (Delphinis) 24.Satabhisa-lambda aqurii (Fomalhaut)
25.Purva-bhadrapada-alpha pegasi (Markab) 26.Uttara-Bhadrapada-gamma pegasi 27.Revati-delta piscium